Up to 10% of those infected die because of Diphtheria.1
How do people catch this disease?
Through the inhalation of infectious particles which are excreted through coughing or sneezing. The disease can be transmitted through close contact with infected persons.2
Which countries are affected?
Cases are reported worldwide from many areas including North- and South-America, Europe, Australia, Asia and Middle East.3 But the disease is more common in countries which do not offer routine vaccination.
What are the symptoms?
Fever, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, general feeling of being unwell, loss of appetite and sometimes hoarseness.1,2
How serious is the disease?
Severe diphtheria can cause difficulty breathing which can be fatal.There may also be serious effects on the heart and nervous system. You need to get treatment with antibiotics and antitoxin promptly and hospitalization is necessary to monitor for any complications.1,2
Can I reduce the chances of catching Diphtheria?
You can take the following precautions to help reduce your risk of infection: