Malaria

Malaria

A deadly disease which can infect travellers through mosquito bite. It causes fever, headache and chills. People travelling to Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Central and South America are at risk.

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Key Fact

In 2016 nearly half the world’s population were at risk of malaria.1

Travellers_Malaria_Map_-_WHO_2016-01.png
  • How do people catch these disease?

    When they’re bitten by infected mosquitoes which carry the malaria parasite.1

  • Which countries are affected?

    Most countries in Central and South America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia (see map).2

  • What are the symptoms?

    Fever, headache, chills and vomiting.1

  • How serious is the disease?

    Prompt treatment means that most people recover completely. But malaria is a severe and potentially fatal disease, so quick diagnosis and treatment are vital. Severe cases can lead to anaemia, seizures, mental confusion, kidney failure, lung failure and coma.3

  • Can I reduce the chances of catching the disease?

    You can take the following precautions to help reduce your risk of infection:

    • Visit your nearest convenient specialist travel health clinic for a risk assessment before your trip
    • Take steps to avoid mosquito bites when mosquitoes are most active (dawn and dusk)4
    • Use a recommended insect repellent containing either 20% Icaridin (e.g Moskito Guard®) or 50% DEET.1
    • Wear appropriate clothing (e.g long-sleeved clothes and long trousers)4
    • Use physical barriers, such as bed nets and window screens4
References
  1. World Health Organization. Factsheet. Malaria. April 2018. Available online: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs094/en/ (Last accessed May 2018)
  2. World Health Organization. World Malaria Report 2017. November 2017. Available online http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/259492/9789241565523-eng.pdf?sequence=1 (Last accessed May 2018).
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow Book 2018. Chapter 3 Infectious Diseases Related to Travel. Malaria. June 2017. Available online: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2018/infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/malaria (Last accessed May 2018)
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow Book 2018. Chapter 2 The Pre-Travel Consultation. Counseling & Advice for Travelers. Protection against Mosquitoes, Ticks, & Other Arthropods. May 2017. Available online: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2018/the-pre-travel-consultation/protection-against-mosquitoes-ticks-other-arthropods (Last accessed May 2018)

1805-AT-WEB-006
18-May-2018
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