Once symptoms are present, rabies is almost always fatal.1 So prevention and early treatment are crucial.
Being bitten or scratched by infected animals such as dogs, bats or monkeys.2 The rabies virus is found in saliva.
Rabies occurs in most countries in the world but some countries, particularly Africa and Asia, are high-risk areas (see map)3.
Fever, headache, feeling unwell, pain at the site of the wound.2
If rabies symptoms develop, the disease cannot be treated and is generally fatal.2