This terrible bug infects travellers around the world by getting into open wounds. It causes stiff jaw muscles, painful muscle spasms, a fever and a rapid heartbeat. If you have a deep wound, or a wound that contain dirt, get medical help.
Most cases of tetanus are associated with newborns who have not yet been adequately vaccinated against the pathogen and the tetanus toxin.1
How do people catch this disease?
Tetanus bacteria get into the body through a skin wound, scratch or animal bite. Wounds that are deep and contain dirt are more likely to cause infection. You can also catch the disease through unhygienic practices in hospital.1
Which countries are affected?
Tetanus is found across most of the world.2
What are the symptoms?
Stiffness in the jaw muscles; painful muscle spasms that can affect swallowing and breathing; fever; sweating and rapid heartbeat.1
How serious is the disease?
Tetanus can cause problems with breathing and the heart. It can be fatal.1
Can I reduce the chances of catching the disease?
You can take the following precautions to help reduce your risk of infection: