This horrible bug usually attacks the lungs, causing a cough that lasts a long time, weight loss, fever, night sweats, tiredness, loss of appetite and swellings in the neck.

Learn more


Key Facts around Tuberculosis

Many people in the world carry the bacteria that cause TB but do not become ill. This is called “latent TB”.1


  • How do people catch this disease?

    By breathing in droplets from the coughs and sneezes of someone infected with the bacteria that cause the disease.1,2

  • Which countries are affected?

    You can catch TB almost anywhere, but some countries in Africa and Asia are particularly high risk areas (see map).2

  • What are the symptoms?

    Persistent cough, sometimes with blood, fever, chest pains, night sweats, weight loss.1,3

  • How serious is the disease?

    If combination therapy is given in time, a patient can make a full recovery. Tuberculous meningitis poses a particular threat.3

  • Can I reduce the chances of catching Tuberculosis?

    You can take the following precautions to help reduce your risk of infection:

  1. World Health Organization. Factsheet. Tuberculosis. February 2018. Available online: (Last accessedSeptember 2020)
  2. World Health Organization. Tuberculosis, estimated new cases, 2010. Available online:
    (Last accessed September 2020)
  3. Gesundheit. GV.AT. Tuberkulose. Available online: (Last accessed September 2020)

Find a clinic

Check for risks

Find your travel health service

2024 - update your browser